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Tuesday, August 31, 2021 | History

4 edition of A viscoelastic constitutive model for the creep response of polyurethane rubber found in the catalog.

A viscoelastic constitutive model for the creep response of polyurethane rubber

A viscoelastic constitutive model for the creep response of polyurethane rubber

progress report to the NSWC, Carderock for the period September, 1996 to December, 1997

by

  • 90 Want to read
  • 10 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, MD .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Polyurethanes -- Creep -- Mathematical models,
  • Rubber, Artificial -- Creep -- Mathematical models

  • Edition Notes

    StatementVincent Rouiller, Gregory B. McKenna
    SeriesNISTIR -- 6177
    ContributionsMcKenna, Gregory B, National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.)
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination26, [24] p.
    Number of Pages26
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13625154M
    OCLC/WorldCa41433005

      The unit of \(\tau\) is time, and it will be seen that this ratio is a useful measure of the response time of the material’s viscoelastic response. Figure 9: The Maxwell model. The "Maxwell" solid shown in Fig. 9 is a mechanical model in which a Hookean spring and a Newtonian dashpot are connected in series. viscoelastic behavior of polymers, among them, the mod-ified Boltzmann superposition model [2] and the reduced time models [2–8]. This paper will discuss the nonlin-ear creep behavior of polycarbonate, and so we will next be giving a brief review of these two types of nonlinear representations. The modified Boltzmann superposition model is. 3. Constitutive Model for Amorphous Polymers In this section we derive a large deformation three-dimensional constitutive model for the isothermal nonlinear viscoelastic-viscoplastic response of amorphous polymeric materi-A.


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A viscoelastic constitutive model for the creep response of polyurethane rubber Download PDF EPUB FB2

Rouiller, V. and McKenna, G. (), A Viscoelastic Constitutive Model for the Creep Response of Polyurethane Rubber, NIST InteragencyInternal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (Accessed Aug )Author: Vincent Rouiller, Gregory B McKenna.

This model is more convenient when the stress history is known. The creep response of this model is given by () ɛ t σ o i 1 N D i 1 exp t τ c i where D i is the creep compliance. Nonlinear viscoelastic behavior of polymers The limits of linearityCited by:   The simplest fractional model of viscoelastic media, the fractional element (FE) model, as shown in Fig.

1(a), was proposed by ScottBlair in and the stressstrain relation has the form (1) σ (t) η d α ε (t) d t α, α (0, 1), where α and η are the material-dependent constants. Here, d α d t α is the RiemannLiouville fractional differential operator of order by: Visco-Hyperelastic Constitutive Model for Modeling the Quasi-Static Behavior of Polyurethane Foam in Large Deformation ()] for polyurethane foam rubber, and the analysis is then applied.

Polyurethane Elastomer; Rubber. Introduction The first commercial thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPUs) were established in A constitutive model for the observed stress-strain behavior or in the strain response (creep when the stress is held constant) will be.

The Creep and Recovery Test The creep-recovery test involves loading a material at constant stress, holding that stress for some length of time and then removing the load. The response of a typical viscoelastic material to this test is show in Fig. First there is an instantaneous elastic straining, followed by an ever-increasing strain over.

The creep-recovery test involves loading a material at constant stress, holding that stress for some length of time and then removing the load. The response of a typical viscoelastic material to this test is show in Fig. First there is an instantaneous elastic straining, followed by an ever-increasing strain over time known as creep File Size: KB.

A constitutive model was developed using an additive formulation to describe the hyper-viscoelastic material response for large deformations and a range of deformation rates from quasi-static (0.

The starting point of the engineering creep theory is the introduction of the in-elastic strain, the creep potential, the ow rule, the equiv alent stress and internal state variables, Sect. In Sect. we discuss constitutive models of secondary creep. We start with the von Mises-Odqvist creep potential and the ow rule widely.

First, fit the creep data with a model that has closed form solutions in both compliance and relaxation; for example the Maxwell-Kelvin model (eq. ) in Barbero () or the Standard Solid Model (eq. ) in Barbero () (section ). Once the parameters of the creep model are known, produce relaxation pseudo-data with the.

Basic Elasticity and viscoelasticity The behavior of the entire crystal in response to the force is the summed responses of the individual bonds. Thus one arrives at the phenomenon de- sons ratio varies in the same way as a rubber, that is to say, the volume of the material.

Characterization relative to Constitutive and Failure Response of an Elastomer, Interim Report to the Office of Naval Research (GALCIT, Pasadena, CA, ) for timetemperature equivalence, we have produced a model for the large deformation viscoelastic response of this elastomer. Higher strain-rate data are obtained using Hopkinson bar.

A viscoelastic constitutive model for the creep response of polyurethane rubber book relations are required to calculate the polymeric stress tensor or the non-newtonian component.

The equations for the constitutive relations and some accompanying theory is mentioned in this section.

Linear Maxwell The rst equation developed to describe viscoelastic behaviour was proposed by Maxwell [5] where viscoelastic. I am trying to do a stress-strain analysis of a polymer part and I would like to use the viscoelastic material model (in ABAQUS).

I think you can define viscoelastic material model by using one of these procedures: giving shear andor volumetric creep and relaxation data.

- by direct specification of Prony series parameters. - material. Constitutive Models for Rubber X is a comprehensive compilation of nearly all oral and poster contributions to the European Conference on Constitutive Models for Rubber (Munich, August ).

The 95 highly topical contributions reflect the state of-the-art in material modelling and testing of elastomers.

Buy A viscoelastic constitutive model for the creep response of polyurethane rubber progress report to the NSWC, Carderock for the period September, to December, (SuDoc C ) by Rouiller, Vincent (ISBN:) from Amazon's Book Store.

Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible : Vincent Rouiller. A viscoelastic constitutive model can accurately represent entire creep indentation tests of human patella cartilage. of this study was to determine the short-term and equilibrium material properties of human patella cartilage using a viscoelastic model representation of creep indentation tests.

The viscoelastic model can represent the. The aim here is to analyze the influence of prestrain on the viscoelastic behavior. This paper proposes a prestrain-dependent viscoelastic constitutive model.

The model is a superposition of three relaxation spectra, each corresponding to a family of polymer chains, and can be regarded in either its continuous or discrete expression.

The viscoelastic response of a chopped strand mat E-glass fibre reinforced vinylester resin has been studied over a wide range of applied stress levels. At low applied stress levels, the material exhibited a linear viscoelastic response well represented by Schapery's power law model with constant C and n terms.

At higher stresses nonlinear behaviour was observed which apparently is caused by. Di erential Equation Visco Elastic Model Consider the following viscoelastic ma-terial model: p 0" p 1 d" dt p 2 d2" dt2 p 3 d3" dt3 q 0˙ q 2 d2˙ dt2 q 4 d4˙ dt4; where q j and p k are given constants.

Determine expressions for the storage and loss moduli. are given the following viscoelastic constitutive relation: A d3. A thermal-viscoelastic ZWT constitutive model was proposed by Zhang et al. to describe the tensile response of the polyurethane interlayer under a wide range of strain rates and temperatures.

Fard et al. [ 19 ] built a multilinear stress-strain model to describe the tensile and compression behavior of epoxy resin materials under large deformation. a rubber ball when subjected to quickly transient forces. provides real-time response (on Symbolics series Lisp Machines), enabling us to interact with the models by sub- viscoelastic model.

(d) A viscoelastic model is deformed. (e) ng shape is made elastic and bounced. (f) Same shape. This option is used to generalize a material's elastic response to include viscoelasticity. The viscoelasticity can be defined as a function of frequency for steady-state small-vibration analyses, as a function of reduced time for time-dependent analyses, or by specifying a creep law for nonlinear viscoelastic analyses.

Its important to understand the viscoelastic nature of plastic materials so that their behavior in the intended appli-cation can be anticipated. One of the key properties of plastics that results from viscoelasticity is creep.

If a polymeric material is under constant stress, a. scatter, a linear viscoelastic model was used. One day creep experiments indicated the presence of viscoplastic damage accumulation in the composite, which was verified using in-situ microscopy.

The creep deformation in this GMT material has been modeled using a viscoelastic-viscoplastic model. A Viscoelastic Constitutive Model Can Accurately Represent Entire Creep Indentation Tests of Human Patella Cartilage in Journal of Applied Biomechanics Kathryn E.

Keenan 1, Saikat Pal 1, Derek P. Lindsey 2, Thor F. Besier 3, and Gary S. Beaupre 1, 2. The long-term mechanical properties of viscoelastic polymers are among their most important aspects.

In the present research, a machine learning approach was proposed for creep properties prediction of polyurethane elastomer considering the effect of creep time, creep temperature, creep stress and the hardness of the material.

The approaches are based on multilayer perceptron network. Fractional derivative constitutive models for finite deformation of viscoelastic materials developed with using a kernel close to Abels kernel are given in.

A new model for the linear theory of generalized thermoviscoelasticity using a relaxation kernel close to Abels kernel is demonstrated in. Creep Equation and Kernel. In this work, the viscoplasticity and creep behavior for modified 9Cr-1Mo and stainless steels were investigated.

Based on the absolute reaction rate theory, a unified constitutive model incorporating internal state variables was proposed to characterize the evolution of the back stress.

Also, the model was implemented by the ABAQUS system with the semi-implicit stress. 2 Constitutive relations Introduction Prediction of the response of linearly viscoelastic materials Prediction of recovery from relaxation Prediction of response to arbitrary strain history Restrictions on the viscoelastic functions; fading memory Relation between creep and relaxation Analysis by Laplace transforms.

In this research, a nonlinear viscoelastic model, which is an extension to previously developed models, is proposed and its ability to capture foam response in uniaxial compression is investigated.

It is hypothesized that total stress can be decomposed into the sum of a nonlinear elastic component, modeled by a higher-order polynomial, and a.

article{osti_, title {High-temperature viscoelastic creep constitutive equations for polymer composites: Homogenization theory and experiments}, author {Skontorp, A and Wang, S S and Shibuya, Y}, abstractNote {In this paper, a homogenization theory is developed to determine high-temperature effective viscoelastic constitutive equations for fiber-reinforced polymer composites.

Viscoelastic (VE) dampers are a kind of effective passive vibration control device and widely used to attenuate structural vibration. In this article, experimental study and multiscale modeling analysis on the VE damper for reducing wind-excited vibration are carried out.

Sasaki, N. Viscoelastic properties of biological materials, in book Viscoelasticity - From Theory to Biological Applications edited by J. Vicente, Intech ().

Google Scholar. The results indicate the proposed rheological model can discribe the creep rate at the first stage and the stady-state stage on the creep strain curves. Simultaneously, the viscous coefficents denoting the viscous behavior in visco-elastic constitutive model were determined by taking use of the creep.

In this paper a nonequilibrium statistical ensemble theory is used to describe viscoelastic creep behaviors. By using the history-dependent distribution function and taking stress as a controllable kinetics argument, a stress ensemble is introduced for obtaining the corresponding thermodynamics functionals such as entropy, enthalpy and the Gibbs free energy, etc.

To describe such a viscoelastic behavior, a constitutive model is developed by utilizing a combined Kelvin-Voigt-Maxwell (KVM) model.

The established model captures both the initial jumping deformation and the following slow creeping. Subsequently, with an employment of VHB elastomer, experiments are performed to validate the viscoelastic.

The simplest viscoelastic body of type I is obtained by adding a spring either in series to a Voigt model or in parallel to a Maxwell model (Fig.

2a and Fig. 2b, respectively). So doing, according to the combination rule, we add a positive constant both to the Voigtlike creep compliance and to the Maxwelllike relaxation modulus so that we. A compact constitutive model to describe the viscoelastic-plastic behavior of glassy polymers: Comparison with monotonic and cyclic experiments and state-of-the-art models.

International Journal of Plasticity,Go To International Journal of Plasticity. The study addresses the physical background and modeling of linear viscoelastic response functions and their reasonable relationships to the Caputo-Fabrizio fractional operator via the Prony (Dirichlet series) series decomposition.

The problem of interconversion with power-law and exponential (single and multi-term functions) has been discussed. Special attentions have been paid on the Prony.

In our previous work [2,3], a constitutive material model, named as the modified Becker-Hackenberg model, has been proposed. The formulation of this model is mainly adopted from Becker and Hackenberg [4], where the total inelastic strain rate is split into the creep part and the viscoplastic part.

The creep and viscoplastic strains in our model are.One day creep experiments indicated the presence of viscoplastic damage in the composite, which was verified using microscopy. The creep deformation has been modeled using a viscoelastic-viscoplastic model.

To verify the model, two creep tests of 33 day duration were conducted. The test results agreed well with the model.On the basis of the experimental results, a nonlinear elastoviscoplastic (EVP) creep constitutive model was proposed by connecting a Hooke body, a parallel combination of Hooke and St.

Venant bodies, a Kelvin body, and a generalized Bingham body. The proposed EVP creep model can describe both the loading and unloading creep behavior precisely.